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真题模拟

2021中学教师资格证《高中教师专业知识》真题模拟02-23

发布时间: 2021-02-23 05:14:24 文章来源:

1、

Before doing a writing task, the teacher elicits students' ideas by asking them to list as many words or phrases that come into their mind about the topic as possible. Here the teacher is playing the role of a(an) ____.

(单选题)

A. controller

B. participant

C. organizer

D. prompter

试题答案:C

2、

More and more Chinese are learning foreign languages, ______English.

(单选题)

A. previously

B. predominantly

C. practically

D. permanently

试题答案:B

3、

Which of the following is not a recommended vocabulary memorizing strategy?

(单选题)

A. Situational memorization.

B. Rote memorization.

C. Association memorizing methods.

D. Dictionary-assisted memory.

试题答案:B

4、对于李煜《虞美人》的“问君能有几多愁?恰似一江春水向东流。”中都用到了哪些修辞的问题,有以下几位学生的理解,错误的一项是(  )。(单选题)

A. 这句有问有答,用到了设问

B. 将愁绪比作春水,用到了比喻

C. 将愁绪夸大为一江春水,用到了夸张

D. 愁跟春水有什么关系?这是词人弄错了

试题答案:D

5、

Passage2

For centuries in Spain and Latin America,heading home for lunch and a snooze with the family was something like a national right,but with global capitalism standardizing work hours,this idyllic habit is fast becoming an endangered pleasure.Ironically,all this is happening just as researchers are beginning to note the health benefits of the afternoon nap.

According to a nationwide survey,less than 25 percent of Spaniards still enjoy siestas.And like Spain,much of Latin America has adopted Americanized work schedules,too,with shortened lunch times and more rigid work hours.Last year the Mexican government passed a law limiting lunch breaks to one hour and requiring its employees to work their eight-hour shift between 7 a.m. and 6p.m.Before the mandate,workers would break up the shift-going home midday for a long  break with the family and returning to work until about 9 or 10 p.m. The idea of siesta is changing in Greece, Italy and Portugal, too, as they rush to join their more "industrious"counterparts in the global market.

Most Americans I know covet sleep, but the idea of taking a nap mid-afternoon equates with laziness, unemployment and general sneakiness. Yet according to a National Sleep Survey poll, 65 percent of adults do not get enough sleep. Numerous scientific studies document the benefits of nap taking, including one 1997 study on the deleterious effects of sleep deprivation in the journal Internal Medicine. The researchers found that fatigue harms not only marital and social relations but worker productivity.

According to Mark Rosekind,a former NASA scientist and founder of Solutions in Cupertino, Calif, which educates businesses about the advantages of sanctioning naps, we' re biologically programmed to get sleepy between 3 and 5 p.m. and 3 and 5 a.m. Our internal timekeeper-called the circadian clock-operates on a 24-hour rotation and every 12 hours there's a dip. In accordance with these natural sleep rhythms, Rosekind recommends that naps be either for 40 minutes or for two hours. Latin American countries, asserts Rosekind, have had it right all along. They' ve been in sync with their clocks; we haven't.

Since most of the world is sleep-deprived, getting well under the recommended eight hours a night(adults get an average of 6.5 hours nightly), we usually operate on a kind of idle midday. Naps are even more useful now that most of us forfeit sleep because of insane work schedules, longer commute times and stress, In a study published last April, Brazilian medical researchers noted that blood pressure and arterial blood pressure dropped during a siesta.


The author suggests that most Americans feel that ________.

(单选题)

A. Spanish culture is inefficient

B. nap-taking will put their jobs at risk

C. nap-taking is a sign of laziness

D. they get plenty of sleep

试题答案:C

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