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历年真题

2021全国英语等级考试(三级)历年真题05-04

发布时间: 2021-05-04 06:02:40 文章来源:

1、 根据下面资料,回答{TSE}题。
John Lubbock, a British member of the Parliament, led to the first law to safeguard Britain´ s heritage--the Ancient Monuments Bill. How did it happen?
By the late 1800s more and more people were visiting Stonehenge for a day out. Now a World Heritage Site owned by the Crown, it was, at the time, privately owned and neglected.
But the visitors left behind rubbish and leftover food. It encouraged rats that made holes at the stones´ foundations, weakening them. One of the upright stones had already fallen over and one had broken in two. They also chipped pieces off the stones for souvenirs and carved pictures into them, says architectural critic Jonathan Glancey.
It was the same for other pre-historic remains, which were disappearing fast. Threats also in-cluded farmers and landowners as the ancient stones got in the way of working on the fields and were a free source of building materials.
Shocked and angry, Lubbock took up the fight. When he heard Britain´ s largest ancient stone circle at Avebury in Wiltshire was up for sale in 1871 he persuaded its owners to sell it to him and the stone circle was saved.
"Lubbock aroused national attention for ancient monuments, "says Glancey. "At the time places like Stonehenge were just seen as a collection of stones, ancient sites to get building materials. "
"Lubbock knew they were the roots of British identity. He did for heritage what Darwin did for natural history. "
But Lubbock couldn´t buy every threatened site. He knew laws were needed and tabled the Ancient Monuments Bill. It proposed government powers to take any pre-historic site under threat away from uncaring owners, a radical idea at the time.
For eight years he tried and failed to get the bill through parliament. Finally, in 1882, it was voted into law. It had, however, been watered down; people had to willingly give their ancient monuments to the government. But what it did do was plant the idea that the state could preserve Britain´ s heritage better than private owners.
Pressure started to be put on the owners of sites like Stonehenge to take better care of them.
{TS}According to the text,Stonehenge in the late l800s was__________. (单选题)

A. a royal property

B. utterly neglected

C. legally protected

D. a public property

试题答案:B

2、 what does the movie tell us? (单选题)

A. It is never too late to learn.

B. It is hard for the old to learn.

C. Education is beyond the poor.

D. Education leads to a better life.

试题答案:A

3、 根据下面资料,回答{TSE}题
It can be a special experience to go on a family trip during the holiday season, but one reason that many parents(46)to stay home is the cost of travel. Here are some ways of reducing your travel(47)
Flying is a fast way to arrive at your destination, but the cost of airline tickets can really add up if you are buying flights for the whole family. Often, it is cheaper to pay for gas(48)the whole family can fit in the car,(49)with the current decreases in gas prices.
If your destination is too far to drive to, you should look at a variety of(50)for your flight times. For example, it is often cheaper to fly on Christmas day instead of flying a few days before Christmas. Also,(51)early morning flights is cheaper than traveling during peak times during the day.
Eating out(52)you are on the road can quickly increase the trip cost, and it´ s much cheaper to stop at the grocery store, planning your own food(53)If you plan to eat out, then it´ s usually cheaper to eat at a restaurant during breakfast or lunch,(54)you to skip the higher dinner prices.
Also, it might be cheaper to visit an all-inclusive resort. These resorts include all the meals and a variety of activities, and many of them have children´ s activities so that the kids can(55)entertained during the trip.
A.allowing
B.if
C.begin
D.choose
E.driving
F.especially
G.expenses
H.instead
I.before
J.options
K.stay
L.taking
M.too
N.troubles
O.While
{TS}第46题选 (单选题)

试题答案:D

4、 What is NOT listed on the man’s schedule? (单选题)

A. Shopping.

B. Watching a show.

C. Meeting friends.

D. Visiting art galleries.

试题答案:C

5、 Why did the man wake up late this morning? (单选题)

A. Because he twisted his ankle the night before.

B. Because the battery in his alarm clock had run out of electricity.

C. Because his mother forgot to wake him up.

D. Because he didn’t hear the alarm clock.

试题答案:B

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