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学历语言类 | 大学英语考试

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问答题 Demographic indicators show that Americans in the postwar period were moreeager than ever to establish families. They quickly brought down the age at marriagefor both men and women and brought the birth rate to a twentieth century height    1._______after more than a hundred years of a steady decline, producing the” baby boom.”  2._______These young adults established a trend of early marriage and relatively largefamilies that went for more than two decades and caused a major but temporary      3._______reversal of longterm demographic patterns. From the 1940s through the early1960s, Americans married at a high rate and at a younger age than their         4._______Europe counterparts.                                  5._______  Less noted but equally more significant, the men and women who formed       6._______families between 1940 and 1960 nevertheless reduced the divorce rate after a      7._______postwar peak; their marriages remained intact to a greater extent than did that of  8._______couples who married in earlier as well as later decades. Since the United States   9._______maintained its dubious distinction of having the highest divorce rate in the world,the temporary decline in divorce did not occur in the same extent in Europe.     10._______Contrary to fears of the experts, the role of breadwinner and homemaker was notabandoned.

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问答题 The grammatical words which play so large a part in English grammarare for the most part sharply and obviously different from the lexical words. Arough and ready difference which may seem the most obvious is that grammatical    1._______words have “less meaning”, but in fact some grammarians have called them      2._______“empty” words as opposed in the “full” words of vocabulary. But this is a rather 3._______misled way of expressing the distinction. Although a word like theis not the name  4._______of something as man is, it is very far away from being meaningless; there is a    5._______sharp difference in meaning between “man is vile” and “the man is vile”, yet theis the single vehicle of this difference in meaning. Moreover, grammatical words   6._______differ considerably among themselves as the amount of meaning they have even in th  7._______lexical sense. Another name for the grammatical words has been “little words.”But size is by no mean a good criterion for distinguishing the grammatical words   8._______of English, when we consider that we have lexical words as go, man, say, car.    9._______Apart from this, however, there is a good deal of truth in what some people say:we certainly do create a great number of obscurity when we omit them. This     10._______is illustrated not only in the poetry of Robert Browning but in the prose of tele-grams and newspaper headlines.

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