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单选题 What is many captive shippers’ attitude towards the consolidation in the rail industry?

A

Indifferent.

B

Supportive.

C

Indignant.

D

Apprehensive.

单选题 Go Ask Alice as mentioned in the passage is ______.

A

a side effect caused by some prescription drugs

B

intended to counsel college students on mental problems

C

a collection of medical responses from students the world over

D

meant to describe the various signs of mental disorders

单选题 It can be inferred from paragraph 3 that ______.

A

shippers will be charged less without a rival railroad

B

there will soon be only one railroad company nationwide

C

overcharged shippers are unlikely to appeal for rate relief

D

a government board ensures fair play in railway business

单选题 Which of the following is true?

A

Among the 2 000 universities, only a few private ones are outstanding in their reputation.

B

Among all the universities, a few private institutions and several greatest state universities enjoy a high reputation both at home and abroad.

C

Among all the universities, only several of the greatest state universities enjoy a high reputation.

D

Among the universities, only the private institutions are well known internationally.

单选题 Besides reducing human labor, robots can also ______.

A

make a few decisions for themselves

B

deal with some errors with human intervention

C

improve factory environments

D

cultivate human creativity

单选题 Which of the following is true according to the text?

A

People with surnames beginning with N to Z are often ill-treated.

B

VIPs in the Western world gain a great deal from alphabetism.

C

The campaign to eliminate alphabetism still has a long way to go.

D

Putting things alphabetically may lead to unintentional bias.

问答题 The percentage of immigrants (including those unlawfully present) in the United States has been creeping upward for years. At 12.6 percent, it is now higher than at any points since the mid 1920s.  We are not about to go back to the days when Congress openly worried about inferior races polluting America’s bloodstream. But once again we are wondering whether we have too many of the wrong sort of new comers. Their loudest critics argue that the new wave of immigrants cannot, and indeed do not want to, fit in as previous generations did.  We now know that these racist views were wrong. In time, Italians, Romanians and members of other so-called inferior races became exemplary Americans and contributed greatly, in ways too numerous to detail, to the building of this magnificent nation. There is no reason why these new immigrants should not have the same success.  Although children of Mexican immigrants do better, in terms of educational and professional attainment, than their parents, UCLA sociologist Edward Telles has found that the gains don’t continue. Indeed, the fourth generation is marginally worse off than the third. James Jackson, of the University of Michigan, has found a similar trend among black Caribbean immigrants. Telles fears that Mexican-Americans may be fated to follow in the footsteps of American blacks that large parts of the community may become mired in a seemingly state of poverty and Underachievement. Like African-Americans, Mexican-Americans are increasingly relegated to segregated, substandard schools, and their dropout rate is the highest for any ethnic group in the country.  We have learned much about the foolish idea of excluding people on the presumption of the ethnic/racial inferiority. But what we have not yet learned is how to make the process of Americanization work for all. I am not talking about requiring people to learn English or to adopt American ways; those things happen pretty much on their own, but as arguments about immigration hear up the campaign trail, we also ought to ask some broader question about assimilation, about how to ensure that people, once outsiders, don’t forever remain marginalized within these shores.  That is a much larger question than what should happen with undocumented workers, or how best to secure the border, and it is one that affects not only newcomers but groups that have been here for generations. It will have more impact on our future than where we decide to set the admissions bar for the latest wave of would-be Americans. And it would be nice if we finally got the answer right.

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